Megan Ortmeyer – “LBJ taking the oath” Post 6

This week I did some research on first lady, Jacqueline Kennedy.  Jacqueline Kennedy had accompanied her husband to Dallas, Texas, and was present during the inauguration of Lyndon B.  Johnson.

Through research I found an article where Jacqueline Kennedy discusses the assassination taking place and how after President Kennedy was taken to the hospital she did not want to leave.  It discusses her heart-wrenching emotions from the death of her husband, and why she chose not to change out of the blood spattered suit she wore before the inauguration of Lyndon Johnson.

Through other research material I also discovered how Jacqueline and John F. Kennedy met, thus, leading to their marriage and her becoming one of the most beloved first ladies.  Jacqueline Kennedy brought a sense of fashion and style to the White House, thus, inspiring women across the country and the world.  She worked to preserve the history of the United States in the White House and by protecting historical buildings so that we are still able to enjoy such history today.  Also, “her interest in the arts, publicized by press and television, inspired an attention to culture never before evident at a national level” (Black).

It is rather important to know some about Jacqueline Kennedy and her relationship with her husband in order to understand the courage and strength it took for her to maintain her composure while Lyndon Johnson was being sworn into office.  It is also important to know about her because the assassination of President Kennedy not only ended his time as president, but also ended Jacqueline Kennedy’s time as such an influential first lady.

Next week, in order to further my progress with my paper, the interviews with Judge Sarah T. Hughes that I ordered should be in.  This will allow me to learn a lot more about her, her relationship with Lyndon B. Johnson, and the events in her life that led her to be present on Air Force One to give Johnson the oath of office.


Black, Allida. 2009.


Deon P.- “LIFE, John F. Kennedy”

This week I used the Google Book links that Professor Renoff gave me and I found that they were very beneficial in helping me find out how the country was recovering to the death of their president John F. Kennedy and the type of economy that it came to be. There are even articles and comments of people who were close to the President and they spoke about how life after his death was.

In a letter from the publisher, C.D. Jackson speaks about how LIFE magazine basically turned into a magazine about President JFK because of all the coverage it was doing on his death. He speaks how LIFE magazine was doing the job it had always done which was to give the most exciting and monumental coverage it could. It showed the calming and happy photographs of President Kennedy and his family but it also showed the gruesome side of the incident and displayed the actual photographs of him being shot. I can only imagine the reactions of the American citizens when they saw these photographs of the actual tragedy and they had to relive these moments in their head. They could not get away from the news if they tried because although it was in magazines it was also all over the television and on the radio and many Americans were completely stunned at the moment.

There were two articles done in LIFE Magazine done by a managing editor named George P. Hunt. I feel that he did a good job on expressing how new life in the White House was going and portraying the type of vibe it now had due to the loss of its current president. He talks about how when President Kennedy so was the spontaneous and exciting mood that the White House always had. Many people appreciated these articles they put out and demanded more but some people were not as pleased with it as others. I feel that is because people handle the deaths of people very differently especially of a powerful figure-head such as a president. Certain citizens wanted to know more about the tragedy and the truth behind and what the government was planning on doing to move forward and help the economy. Other Americans could have possibly so hurt by the tragedy that they could not help but be displeased when seeing news and judgment on what had happened to President Kennedy. I think that this reaction is completely understandable and should be expected when suffering a huge loss.

I believe that these articles helped me get a better sense of how the country was reacting towards the death of their president and how the economy changed after it. It seems that although the death of Kennedy was highly mourned they economy also began to move on and pick themselves up. Many of the articles and pictures look the same as before the death of the president. I feel that the moving on of the country was highly due to the attitude of President Lyndon B. Johnson.

Megan Ortmeyer – “LBJ taking the oath” Post 5

This week I have focused mainly on looking through the book I ordered, entitled That Day In Dallas, by Richard B. Trask.  This book is full of photos that Cecil W. Stoughton, James P. Altgens, and Jim Murray took during John F. Kennedy’s and Lyndon B. Johnson’s visit to Dallas, Texas.

By pulling all three photographers photos together, the pictures basically walk you through the entirety of the trip with explanations of what is occurring in each shot.  It also gives more specific details about how Cecil W. Stoughton came to be on the plane and take the picture; including dialogue between Stoughton and various people.

Some of the photographs display witnesses to the assassination of John F. Kennedy.  This is important because one can clearly see the agony and horror on the people’s faces; which can lead one to better understand what it would have been like to be present on that day.  Good photographs are supposed to speak to people’s emotions so it is best to understand the background and how people were feeling in order to truly understand the significance of the photograph.

The book includes the photograph my paper is focused around, along with fifteen other photos inside the Air Force One stateroom as well.  This is very beneficial because one can kind of see the interactions between people before my research photograph and after my research photograph was taken.  It also has Cecil W. Stoughton’s account of taking the pictures and his account of the happenings in the cabin.  He talks about where everyone is standing and how quiet the cabin was during the oath.  It is vital to understand the different viewpoints when looking at such a historical photograph.

Next week the interviews with Sarah T. Hughes that I ordered will hopefully come in.  Those interviews will most likely be the key in my research project.


Trask, Richard B. That Day In Dallas. Danvers, Massachusetts: Yeoman Press, 1998.


Writer: LBJ changed “in a moment” after JFK death- Deon Pettigrew

This week i found an article and video on CBS This Morning that discussed about a writer who wrote a book on the swearing in of Lyndon B. Johnson and his behavior during that time period. I find this interesting because even though I am not finding the reactions of American citizens at the this time and how they felt about President Kennedy being assassinated, I am finding information on the actual president who was sworn in. The best thing that I would have to take away from this video is that they described the exact emotions of Lyndon B. Johnson that I picked up from him when I looked at the actual photo of him being sworn in. It was the reactions and emotions that I would expect of any Vice President who would suddenly have to be in charge of the country.

They speak of President Johnson becoming a new president and a new leader right after President Kennedy’s death. At first he was a little in a shock and distraught at the events that taken place but then all of sudden became the leader that he needed to be in order to run the country. I believe that President Johnson felt as if the the state of the country was riding on his shoulders and he had to step into place and lead them as a Vice President is supposed to do. I did not fully know what feelings to pick up from the picture of him being sworn in because he had a very straight face that gave me a mixture of emotions. I did not know whether to take it as in seeing a Vice President that is too shocked to even know what to do in the situation or to take it as someone who has accepted the responsibility of becoming the new president and leader of the United States. This video helps me clarify that and actually know what President Johnson was feeling and his reaction and that time.

Even though I feel that this video has helped me discover more information about what is going on in the picture and has helped me pick up a small vibe of that environment I am still trying to find out how the American citizens felt when seeing the actual in picture in a newspaper or anywhere else. I am finding it difficult to find these reactions of them when they saw Lyndon B. Johnson being sworn in because the articles are majority just about how they felt about the tragedy and the situation itself but I am still going to continue searching for them.

Megan Ortmeyer – “LBJ taking the oath of office” Post 3

This week, in continuing my research, I sought out information on Judge Sarah T. Hughes.  Judge Hughes administered the oath of office to Lyndon B. Johnson, following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy (Dr. Renoff’s lecture).  I found some information on her background on the State Bar of Texas website, but the most important research I came across this week was an interview of Judge Sarah T. Hughes.

The interview has almost everything I am looking for about her.  Judge Hughes discusses how she became a district judge for Dallas.  She also describes where she was at and what she was doing when the heard that President Kennedy was being taken to the hospital.  Furthermore, she speaks about how she was told that she would be swearing Lyndon B Johnson into office and why she was specifically called and not one of the other two district judges.  Most importantly, in the article she talks about what she was thinking when she was on her way to the airport to administer the oath.  She gives crucial details about her short moments on the plane delivering the oath.  She even mentions that the type of Bible used for the oath was a Catholic Bible.

This is the most exciting research I have uncovered so far because it is actually her word for word account of how she ended up on the plane.  Although many would focus primarily on how the assassination of President John F. Kennedy took place and then how LBJ ended up on the plane as the background for the LBJ taking the oath photo, it is also vitally important to understand how the other people present ended up there.  It is important to understand some of Judge Sarah Hughes background in order to understand how she ended up as a judge and, thus, on Air Force One that November day in 1963.  Everyone on that plane, when LBJ took the oath of office, has a story of how he/she ended up there that ties into the bigger picture of the background of the photo.  Her thoughts surrounding the event are crucial because by knowing someone’s thoughts that was present, one is able to look at the photo in a new light, and better understand how one should feel when looking at this photo.  Also, by reading her account of how she ended up there, it helps pull one into the photo.

This interview piece will definitely add a crucial element to my paper.  For next week, the books I ordered should be in which will help me to further my research.  I would also like to dive into research on Mrs. Kennedy, and what she must have been thinking while Lyndon B. Johnson took the oath of office.


Deon P – LBJ Taking the Oath – Week 3

This week I did research on the impact that the photograph had on the American citizens that saw in the newspaper. I used the article that Professor Renoff sent me from the Oswosso Argus-Press on November 23rd, 1963. This is a very helpful article for me because it helps towards my portion of the project which was to find out this reaction it received from Americans.

The article begins discussing the mourning by President Kennedy’s wife Jacqueline Kennedy and their son and daughter. The whole country is very sympathetic towards their family and is very sad for them and the tragedy they had to go through. The article then talks about how the country feels that they have lost their citizenship and somewhat right of freedom. They felt that if this could happen to the president then what kind of civilization are they living and felt that the whole country had to do something to prevent this from happening again.

The citizens wanted to lash out at first about the situation and the person responsible for killing the president but then began to focus on the bigger issue which was to help the country. They started to think about all the precautions they have already been doing as in helping the mentally ill and teaching children while they’re young the right things to do. In the end they did not know for sure what they had to do and still were grieving over the death of their president.

Even though this was a good article on finding out the reaction the American citizens had and the feelings they had about the photograph I still feel that I need to find more information about this topic.,2179162&dq=cecil-stoughton&hl=en